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General Monck recalls the surviving members of the Long Parliament, which first met in 1640, and votes to disband and hold fresh elections for a new parliament. This becomes known as the Convention Parliament. In April, Charles II issues a declaration from the Dutch town of Breda, promising a general pardon and freedom of religion. The Convention Parliament declares the government of England should be King, Lords and Commons and, on 25th May, Charles lands at Dover.